Italian police quoted by Italian media say yes. They claim that a local tomb raider unwittingly led them last week to the notoriously hedonistic Roman emperor's final resting place at Lake Nemi, south of Rome. But classical scholars aren't convinced.
Police who specialize in recovering stolen archaeological artifacts told one Rome news website that they found Caligula's tomb after arresting a man in the process of stealing a marble statue of the emperor that came from the burial site.
The suspect was putting the statue in the back of his truck when police arrested him last Thursday, the report said. Officers inspecting the statue decided it must have come from Caligula's tomb and ordered the alleged thief to take them to the site.
The statue is thought to be worth about $1.6 million. Because the statue was made of rare Greek marble and included a throne and a god's robes, police concluded it came from Caligula's tomb.
The statue was shod with a pair of the "caligae" military boots known to be worn by the emperor.
It is known that Caligula, who ruled from 37 to 41 A.D., had a compound near the lake consisting of a villa, floating temple and floating palace, The Guardian reported. Some of the remains of those structures were found during Mussolini's regime but were destroyed after World War II.
Caligula, who was thought to be insane, was killed by his Praetorian guard at age 28, and many of his monuments were destroyed after that. But Mary Beard, a classics professor at Britain's Cambridge University, debunked the idea in today's London Times.
Beard admitted she hadn't yet seen any pictures of the statue recovered by Italian police. But she said there's no evidence that after Caligula was assassinated in his Palatine Hill palace in Rome his body was transported to Nemi.